I ran into this by accident.. My eyes filled with tears.. And women are still minors in my country.. and women are still not able to drive..
A couple of weeks back an event page was created on Facebook calling on women to drive their cars on June 17th. The page was started by a group of individuals, one of whom was Manal Al Sharif. As news of the page got around, it caused a lot of controversy and more Facebook pages. The pages that were created are reflective of the different types of reaction such a call has caused in Saudis. One of the pages is a campaign for Saudi to whip women who drive on June 17th and another is simply an anti women driving campaign page. The former has over 1900 supporters and the latter has 2800 supporters. On top of that we have a sheikh Dr. Al Habdan who has made it his personal mission to make sure no woman drives in Saudi. He has called on the PVPV to…
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My Right to Dignity has published an open petition addressed to the King on the occasion of one year since the beginning of the June 17th women driving movement. The petition renews the request to lift the ban. You can sign it by going HERE. Below is a translation:
To his majesty, the custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, may God save and bless him.
Peace and God’s mercy and blessing be upon you,
We address your majesty with thankfulness and gratitude for the utmost care that you have granted to Saudi women issues and the progressive steps that you have taken to involve women in the national development projects. These steps that you summarized in your historical speech on September 25th 2011 when you said, “We will not approve the marginalization of women.” This was followed by the two decrees concerning women membership on…
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by Abigail Pesta Jun 7, 2012 3:27 PM EDT
Firebrands from far-flung corners of the planet converge in D.C. for the Vital Voices Global Leadership Awards. But one Saudi activist is forced to stay home amid death threats. By Abigail Pesta.
Nobel Prize winner Tawakkol Karman started a revolution in Washington, D.C., on Wednesday night. The Yemeni human-rights activist rallied a packed audience at the annual Vital Voices Global Leadership Awards to join her in a rousing chant to vanquish dictators.
“One, two, three, four. Bashir, Assad out the door,” she said in reference to the leaders of Sudan and Syria. “Five, six, seven, eight. Stop the killing, stop the hate.”
The crowd of 2,000 at the Kennedy Center Opera House joined in—somewhat tentatively at first, then more forcefully as Karman kept chanting.
Organizers of the event, hosted by the nonprofit group Vital Voices, which trains women leaders around the world, said afterward at the dinner that they had no idea the rallying cry was on Karman’s agenda. It’s just what happens when you bring together some of the planet’s most powerful voices for peace and human rights.
Karman, who won the Nobel Prize this past fall for her fight for freedom of the press and human rights in Yemen, joined four outspoken activists from across the Middle East onstage: Libyan human-rights lawyer Salwa Bugaighis, Yemeni journalist Shatha Al-Harazi, Tunisian blogger Amira Yahyaoui, and Egyptian women’s rights activist Marianne Ibrahim. All have put themselves in harm’s way through their work, with journalist Al-Harazi receiving death threats after suggesting to Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh at a face-to-face meeting that he resign. The four women shared the Global Trailblazer Award.
A fifth recipient of the award, Manal Alsharif—who caused an uproar in her native Saudi Arabia last year by posting a YouTube video of herself driving a car, in a country where women are famously forbidden to drive—could not attend. Alsharif told organizers of the event that she felt it would be too dangerous for her to do so, as she had received death threats for her activism. Credited with igniting the women’s-right-to-drive movement in her country, Alsharif was profiled by Newsweek this past spring in its “150 Fearless Women” portfolio.
Newsweek & The Daily Beast’s Abigail Pesta interviews Alyse Nelson.
In another poignant moment, Chelsea Clinton described the significance of the Fern Holland Award, named for a young Oklahoma woman who went to Iraq in 2003 with the Coalition Provisional Authority to support the transitional government. In 2004, Holland was shot dead at age 34, in a car in Karbala, along with American press officer Robert Zangas and Iraqi translator Salwa Ourmashi.
Clinton spoke with poise and also a sprinkling of humor, drawing a laugh when she said her mother wants to make the world a better place for the next generation of women—including the grandchildren she hopes to have, soon.
Clinton and Holland’s sister, Viola Holland-Christianson, presented the Fern Holland Award to a death-defying Pakistani filmmaker named Samar Minallah Khan. Through her documentary films, Khan tells the stories that the militants and tribal elders would rather keep silent—such as the stories of young girls given away as domestic slaves to settle family disputes.
Hillary Clinton couldn’t make the event, for the first time in 11 years, as she was on a State Department trip to Turkey, but greeted guests onscreen. She and Madeleine Albright had inspired the nonprofit Vital Voices in 2000, after launching a government initiative in 1997 called the Vital Voices Democracy Initiative, aimed at advancing women’s economic and political roles.
Chelsea Clinton drew a laugh when she said her mother wants to make the world a better place for the next generation of women—including the grandchildren she hopes to have, soon.
The Human Rights Award, presented by fashion designer Diane von Furstenberg, went to Rosana Schaack, the founder of a group in Liberia that works to rehabilitate thousands of former girl soldiers. The group, called Touching Humanity in Need of Kindness, recently expanded to help survivors of rape and women displaced by the country’s long-running civil war, which ended in 2003.
The Leadership in Public Life Award, presented by Tina Brown, editor in chief of the Newsweek Daily Beast Company, along with Luis Moreno, president of the Inter-American Development Bank, went to Ruth Zavaleta Salgado. One of the founders of Mexico’s Party of the Democratic Revolution, which protects and promotes democracy, Salgado works to get women into public office in the country’s notoriously macho-male realm of politics.
Texas Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison and NBC chief foreign-affairs correspondent Andrea Mitchell presented the Economic Empowerment Award to Adimaimalaga Tafuna’i, a Samoan entrepreneur who brought products such as coconut oil from remote Samoan villages to the world through partnerships with companies like the Body Shop. She now runs a group called Women in Business Development, which encourages and supports women entrepreneurs. The soft-spoken Tafuna’i wiped away tears as she thanked Vital Voices for “coming to find us.”
Other speakers at the event included Alyse Nelson, president and chief executive of Vital Voices; Melanne Verveer, director of the State Department’s Office on Global Women’s Issues; Susan Ann Davis, chair of Vital Voices; Carol Lancaster, vice-chair of Vital Voices; Wolf Blitzer, CNN political anchor; Claire Shipman, contributor to Good Morning America; actress Jennifer Morrison; and Kay Krill, president and CEO of Ann Inc., the parent company of Ann Taylor and Loft.
Get Involved: Learn about women and girls around the globe at our Women in the World Foundation.
Abigail Pesta is an award-winning journalist who has lived and worked around the world, from New York to London to Hong Kong. Currently she is the editorial director of Women in the World at Newsweek and The Daily Beast. She is a former editor-at-large of Marie Claire magazine, and a former news editor at The Wall Street Journal in Hong Kong. She also has worked as an articles editor at Glamour, where she launched Mariane Pearl’s popular column about women changing the world. Abby writes short stories for her website, Fine Words Butter No Parsnips. Follow her on Twitter at @AbigailPesta.
For inquiries, please contact The Daily Beast at firstname.lastname@example.org.
May 11, 2012 4:07 PM EDT
High-profile summits aren’t just for glitzy politicians and jetsetters anymore. Activists, journalists, artists and dissidents meet in Oslo to share revolutionary ideas.
The Economist has described the Oslo Freedom Forum, now in its fourth year, as being on its way to becoming the Davos of human rights. But that’s not quite right. Davos is an annual European conference where the well-to-do meet to do good. The Oslo Freedom Forum, on the other hand, is a European conference of do-gooders conspiring to stir up trouble.
There is perhaps no better example than Manal al-Sharif, one of three winners this year of the forum’s Vaclav Havel prize for Creative Dissent. Last year al-Sharif, an information security specialist from Saudi Arabia, decided to go for a drive in her home town of Khobar, Saudi Arabia, where driving is illegal for women. She recorded herself and posted the video to the Internet. It became a YouTube sensation and also changed her life.
“My colleagues have called me a traitor to my managers at my job,” she told me in an interview. “I have received death threats, rape threats, anonymous people go to my family and tell my parents, ‘Your daughter is a traitor.’”
The Freedom Forum is the brainchild of a Venezuelan named Thor Halvorssen, a 36-year-old filmmaker whose preppy good looks make him appear more like a J-Crew model than a hardened activist. In an interview he said he was inspired to create a human-rights organization on August 15, 2004. That was the day his mother was shot by Venezuelan security forces while demonstrating in Caracas. She and others were urging former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, who was observing a referendum on the rule of Hugo Chavez, to consider more evidence of voter fraud.
“The existing human rights institutions—Amnesty and Human Rights Watch—were not addressing a deteriorating situation; they were hopelessly absent, so why not create a new group?” Halvorssen said.
That new group became the Human Rights Foundation, which in 2009 launched the first Oslo Freedom Forum.
At first Halvorssen said he wanted the forum to be a place where the heroes of the Cold War era, men like Nelson Mandela, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Vaclav Havel and Elie Weisel, could deliver a “final lecture.” Havel appeared at the conference before he died. Weisel gave the inaugural address to the group.
Halvorssen chose Oslo for the forum because it was neutral ground. “Norway is a country that has never invaded another,” he said. “Bringing international delegates here, what are their governments going to say, ‘You are taking orders from the Norwegian empire’?”
Norwegians have mixed feelings about the forum. On the first day of this year’s conference, the Marxist Newspaper, KlasseKampen (Class Struggle), ran a negative article on its front page, essentially saying it was empty pageantry. The Norwegian foreign ministry, however, donated around $80,000 to the conference this year.
“As I see it, this conference lifts the cases of individuals,” says Jonas Gahr Støre, Norway’s foreign minister. “This gives them a chance to testify on the world stage.”
The Freedom Forum has evolved since 2009. This year it featured a talk from Somaly Mam, a Cambodian former sex slave who is now a leading abolitionist crusading against the practice in her home country. Pyotr Verzilov, a Russian activist, presented videos of his wife’s punk rock group, “Pussy Riot,” and their impromptu protests in Red Square and near well-known Moscow landmarks. (Full disclosure: I participated in a panel discussion with Verzilov on the state of the Russian opposition in Vladimir Putin’s Russia.)
Not all of the presentations were hits with the audience. The actress Julia Ormond gave a rambling speech on human slavery and the global supply chain for manufacturing. She ended her speech by singing a “Amazing Grace” a cappella.
At a breakfast roundtable session sponsored by a California-based charity, Humanity United, a former British diplomat named Carne Ross proposed ending nearly all secrecy in Western diplomacy. I would share more details of that talk, but Ross asked that his remarks be off the record.
The real action, however, happens in the times between the formal talks and panels. This year a group of Arab writers and editors at the conference came together to discuss a new kind of platform to defend secularism. Amir Ahmad Nasr, a Sudanese blogger, described the project as a “hub to self organize.” The idea for a website and publication has been percolating with Nasser Wedaddy, a Mauritanian American, and Ahmed Benchemsi, a Moroccan publisher and editor who founded an iconic Arabic news magazine in his home country that eventually had to close after the country’s king led a boycott against it. The working title of the effort is “Free Arabs.”
Wedaddy told me Charter 77, the movement founded during the Cold War by Havel for anti-authoritarian dissidents, was one inspiration. “The Berlin wall fell in 1989, we are still waiting for our walls to fall,” he said.
The news that Havel is inspiring a new generation of Arab liberals pleases Halvorssen. “It exceeds our expectations,” he said.
Eli Lake is the senior national-security correspondent for Newsweek and the Daily Beast. He previously covered national security and intelligence for the Washington Times. Lake has also been a contributing editor at The New Republic since 2008 and covered diplomacy, intelligence, and the military for the late New York Sun. He has lived in Cairo and traveled to war zones in Sudan, Iraq, and Gaza. He is one of the few journalists to report from all three members of President Bush’s axis of evil: Iraq, Iran, and North Korea.
For inquiries, please contact The Daily Beast at email@example.com.
With its vast, unpopulated deserts, low-slung buildings and cheap oil, Saudi Arabia is a kingdom made for cars. But for its women, who are barred from driving, even picking up the dry cleaning is considered subversive. Last spring, Manal al-Sharif, 32, a divorced mother of two, decided to take on the issue by posting on YouTube a video of herself driving the Saudi streets. Though al-Sharif was jailed for nine days and publicly shamed, she inspired a movement. An underground civil-disobedience campaign encouraged women to drive to the grocery store, the doctor’s office or the kids’ school. Those thankless errands may plague women elsewhere, but in Saudi Arabia, where they must rely on husbands, fathers and hired drivers to get around, they are a long-dreamed-of privilege.
Lifting the ban has gained much support, but it has also sparked a backlash. Other female drivers have been imprisoned, and some even lashed. But because of al-Sharif, Saudi women are beginning to get in the driver’s seat.
Baker is TIME‘s Middle East bureau chief
The nature of influence changes. The word originates from the medieval idea that a magical liquid emanates from the stars to influence our actions on earth. Modern influence often comes from the magical ability of technology and social media to overcome time and distance and reorder our perceptions. Before microphones and television were invented, a leader had to stand in front of a crowd and bellow. Now she can tweet a phrase that reaches millions in a flash. Influence was never easier — or more ephemeral.
Which is why we try to choose those people whose influence is both lasting and, with a few notable exceptions, laudable. The economist Elinor Ostrom, who is on our list this year, has written about the tragedy of the commons, which is the idea that self-interest can undermine the common good. We look for the antidote to this: how individuals can start a chain reaction of virtue, shaping events in ways that can become both viral and enduring.
We are living in a transformative period in which leadership and influence emerge in unlikely places. Manal al-Sharif posted on YouTube a video of herself driving in Saudi Arabia — women are barred from driving in the kingdom — and was jailed for nine days. Our categories — Breakouts, Pioneers, Moguls, Leaders and Icons — reflect the different types of influence demonstrated by people on the list. We look for those whose influence is at a tipping point. In Russia, Alexei Navalny is harnessing the growth of Internet use to connect protesters via blogging. While there are new types of influence, some are as old as Adam. In Egypt, Samira Ibrahim demonstrated old-fashioned courage by standing up to the military in a court of law over forced “virginity tests.”
This year, as in the past two, the most influential person in putting together the TIME 100 list was executive editor Radhika Jones, who edited the issue with her characteristic devotion to both breadth and depth. Managing the thousands of details that this entails fell to associate editor Feifei Sun. The fresh, inventive design was the handiwork of senior art director April Bell.
Statistician Hans Rosling made this year’s list not only because of his years on the front lines of public health in Africa but also because of how he uses statistics to change people’s perceptions of the world. “I am not an optimist,” Rosling says. He describes himself instead as a “possibilist.” The TIME 100 list is about the infinite possibilities of influence and the power of influence to change the world.